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Not to know is bad, not to wish to know is worse. Proverb                                                                                                                   Success doesn't come to you…you go to it. Marva Collins                                                                                                                   Formal education will make you a living. Self-education will make you a fortune. Jim Rohn                                                                                                                   Those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything. Bernard Shaw                                                                                                                   Every solution breeds new problems. Murphy's law                                                                                                                   Wisdom is knowing how little we know. Oscar Wilde                                                                                                                   An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest. Benjamin Franklin                                                                                                                   Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do. Confucius                                                                                                                   Music is the soul of language. Max Heindel                                                                                                                   English is not merely the medium of our thought; it is the very stuff and process of it. Unknown                                                                                                                   A different language is a different vision of life. Federico Fellini                                                                                                                   Language is the road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going. Rita Mae Brown                                                                                                                   Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. Henry Ford                                                                                                                   I hear, and I forget. I see, and I remember. I do, and I understand. Chinese Proverb                                                                                               If what you’re doing isn’t working, try something else! NLP adage                                                                                                                   Learning is never done without errors and defeat. Vladimir Lenin                                                                                                                   Teachers open the door, but you must enter by yourself. Chinese Proverb                                                                                                                   Language is the dress of thought. Johnson, Samuel                                                                                                                   Men learn while they teach. Seneca                                                                                                                   Train hard fight easy. Proverb                                                                                                                   Only the educated are free. Epictetus                                                                                                                   Knowledge is like money: the more he gets, the more he craves. Billings                                                                                                                   Thought is the blossom; language the bud; action the fruit behind it. Emerson                                                                                                                   He that is of opinion money will do everything may well be suspected of doing everything for money. Benjamin Franklin                                                                                                                   Genius is one percent inspiration and ninetly - nine percent perspiration. T. A. Edison                                                                                                                   Practice is the best of all instructors. Publius Syrus                                                                                                                   Happiness? That's nothing more than health and a poor memory. Albert Schweitzer                                                                                                                   Nothing under the sun is ever accidental. G. E. Lessing                                                                                                                   Do what you can, with what you have, where you are. Theodore Roosevelt                                                                                                                   Time stays long enough for anyone who will use it. Leonardo Da Vinci                                                                                                                   Your life is worth much more than gold. Bob Marley                                                                                                                   Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't lose. Bill Gates                                                                                                                   Liberty without learning is always in peril; learning without liberty is always in vain. John F.Kennedy                                                                                                                   Do you want to spend the rest of your life selling sugared water or do you want a chance to change the world? Steve Jobs                                                                                                                   Everything takes longer than you think. Murphy's law                                                                                                                   We know the truth, not only by the reason, but also by the heart. Pascal                                                                                                                   Truth lies at the bottom of a well. Proverb                                                                                                                   Genius without education is like silver in the mine. Franklin                                                                                                                   All great discoveries are made by men whose feelings run ahead of their thinking. Parkhurst                                                                                                                   Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country. Kennedy                                                                                                                   The world is my country, all mankind are my brethern, and to do good is my religion. Paine                                                                                                                   If life gives you a lemon, make lemonade. Proverb                                                                                                                   Where there's a will, there is a way. Proverb                                                                                                                   Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from indomitable wilt. Gandhi                                                                                                                   People do not lack strength; they lack will. Hugo                                                                                                                   The actions of men are the best interpreters of their thoughts. Locke                                                                                                                   Science and art belong to the whole world, and before them vanish the barriers of nationality. Goethe                                                                                                                   Shallow men believe in luck. Strong men believe in cause and effect. Emerson                                                                                                                   I must respect the opinions of others even if I disagree with them. Lehman                                                                                                                   Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body. Addison                                                                                                                   I would sooner read a timetable or a catalogue than nothing at all. Maugham                                                                                                                   A bargain is a bargain. Saying                                                                                                                   Knowledge is Power. Francis Bacon

                                                                                                                 

"Science" Контрольная работа по чтению

Read the text.

"Science".  

Either person associates the 21 century with the progress of science. Tremendous changes in the life & conditions of people took place in it. Centuries ago we couldn’t even think about the things we deal with now.



100 years ago people didn`t fly to various cities, countries & continents. And now we just buy a ticket & fly to any place of destination at a great speed, make long – distance flight to any direction. The speed of some planes is about 1000 km per hour. So you can cross the Atlantic using only 1,5 hour. Such planes may connect various remote places by the direct flights.

Speaking about the inventions of the previous century it` s important to mention radio. It was invented by Russian scientist Alexander Popov & it changed the whole life of people. It found a great use in the 20 century. By means of it people can do an endless number of jobs, get all kinds of information, direct the work of machines, help planes to land etc. It also was extremely strange for our parents to here Gagarin` s talking from the space.

Nowadays radio of course gave its place to TV & computer but in some remote places of the world it` s still known as the only way of getting information from the “Big Land”. And it becomes more precious because of that. And also how soldiers in different hot points would communicate if they had not radio transmission?

So people have a right to say that radio is a masterpiece of science & technology.

So is TV. It` s the most magnificent source of Mass Media. It gives us either pleasure or amusement, useful information, 70 per cent of which we get by the means of eyesight, 15 – by listening. TV displays us the entire picture of current events, showing the details live or in recording.

Using TV people control technique & equipment, industry & traffic. In the field of medicine it gives us an opportunity to make so – called “jewelry” surgeries which can be directed by famous doctors & professors over TV.

Speaking about medicines science gave a chance to the great amount of people to survive. And now many of them date back their lives to the day of medical intrusion. Not long ago the Medical Committee for Inventions & Discoveries recognized a new scientific discovery in cancer diagnostic.

A great amount of people live only because they have an artificial heart or kidney which is the products of science.

The medical equipment is improved day by day. Tremendous money is impact in this engineering & either person understands the great use of it.

Also one of the wonders of our age is so – called “electronic brain” or computer as we call it. Some models of it can touch, smell, hear, see &feel. The considerable amounts of people have computers at home. Such mechanisms organize the life & work of people in various spheres of human activity.

But the most magnificent scientific achievement is, of course, “Nuclear Fission”. It put upside – down all the life of previous generations.

When atom splits it sets free much energy & people try to use it. The former USSR was the first country in the world which learned to use it in peaceful purposes. Atomic power theoretically can be used in ships, locomotives, and jet – planes. For example the first atomic ice – breaker “Lenin” was launched in the USSR. But the greatest fame atomic energy got by means of weapons. Either country knows about such energy & weapons but only several countries of the world have the technology. Such information is, of course, Top – Secret. `Cause using it in peaceful life is useful. But in the case of war, as a weapon, it may bring global catastrophe including ecological, environmental damage. It can become the reason of exhaust & pollution & of course it can lead to death of either living organism.

But the advantages of atomic power are tremendous. The atomic fuel has no smoke, no fire, no noise. Atomic power stations are the most pure stations among the traditional stations when they work normally. But in the case of collapse they bring death.

Many scientists declare that we are on the way to a new kind of life – “The Age of Atom”.

Among other scientific discoveries are telephone, various home equipment, satellite antennas, flights to the space etc.

We use either of these things in our current life & don` t think about the life without them. They bring pleasure & comfort to our houses, health to our organisms & new methods to make our life secure. They are usual for us. But science develops very fast & if a few years we may have other new facilities which we can` t imagine now.

Tasks 1.Find English equivalents to the following words:

Разнообразные –

Прямыерейсы –

Передачаинформациипорадио –

Шедеврнаукиитехнологии-

Передавать детали в прямом эфире-

Медицинское участие-

Огромные деньги вкладываются в инженерное дело –

Ядерная реакция –

Атом расщепляется –

Спускать на воду-

Совершенно секретно –

Вред для окружающей среды –

Истощение, опустошение –

Спутниковыеантенны-

2. Answer the following questions.

Why is the XXI century called the century of progress of science?

What inventions of the XX century are mentioned in this text?

Which way of carrying out medical surgeries is remembered in the text?

How is computer called in the text?

How do you understand the meaning of the words Nuclear Fission?

Where can Nuclear Fission be used?

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